How Much Is Enough?

Now that summer has commenced, the temptations of different mouth watering foods are all around us. From the usual weekend family and friend gatherings, to the endless weddings and events we are invited too. Most of us even go the extent of not eating all day because the goal is to go with an empty stomach in order to fill it to its fullest capacity. At times, we even find ourselves so full that performing salah (prayer) becomes a struggle of its own, yet if tea and more desserts were laid out, we wouldn’t hesitate to reach for more.

Our tendencies of overeating are clearly heightened during the summer months. However, overeating has numerous negative effects on our body. First and for most, studies have shown that short term over eating not only results in short term weight gain, but even long term increase in weight (1). This means that individuals had difficulty reducing the weight since the time it was gained post overeating. Overeating can also have harmful effects on your metabolism due to a large influx of nutrients entering the body at once (2). This results in our metabolism to shut down as the excess nutrients are seen as threats to the body (2). Furthermore, an impaired metabolism can lead to metabolic disorders such as diabetes and obesity (2). Digestive organs such as the kidney, stomach, and liver are also compromised with overeating due to the inability to digest all the food being ingested (3). Last but not least, overeating can also impact our mental health. Our body image and self esteem is largely an outcome of what we feel about our looks (4). Therefore, when we increase in weight, our confidence in ourselves reduces resulting in a negative self image.

When it comes to the religious perspective of overeating, it is too frowned upon.  The prophet Muhammad  (S.A.W) emphasized on eating less as it being an effective method in preventing sickness and disease (5). As narrated by Tirmidi and Ibn Majid the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) said:

“Nothing is worse than a person who fills his stomach. It should be enough for the son of Adam   to have a few bites to satisfy his hunger. If he wishes more, it should be; One-third for food, One-third for liquid, and One-third for breath.”

In Islam we are also advised to avoid extremes in all affairs of our lives and to maintain moderation, this includes the way we approach food (5).

Here are some useful tips to help you practice portion control and avoid overeating;

  • Never go to a social event hungry, have a light snack prior to the event preferably foods that are rich with either protein or fiber ex. Fruits, Vegetables with hummus dip, protein/fiber bar etc.
  • When serving yourself, start by filling half your plate with vegetables avoiding the ones that are drowning in oils, then moving on to the proteins (chicken, fish, beef) being a quarter of the plate, then carbs being the last quarter of the plate
  • Have a glass of water by your side throughout time of the gathering
  • Eat slowly to allow your food to properly digest and prevent you from overeating as you provide your body with sufficient time to signal you when you are full
  • Limit your options; some of us like to try a little bit of everything and before you know it your eating for a family, so try limit yourself to 2 to 3 side dishes
  • Use your hand as guide of how to portion your food ( Guide located on tools and resources page)

Hopefully with these tips we are able to practice moderation in our day to day eating habits. After all let us not forget the saying “A moment on the lips forever on the hips.” 😉

Author; Raya Haddass

Citation:
  1. Ernersson, Åsa, Fredrik H. Nystrom, and Torbjörn Lindström. “Long-term increase of fat mass after a four week intervention with fast food based hyper-alimentation and limitation of physical activity.”Nutrition & Metabolism7, no. 1 (August 25, 2010): 68. doi:10.1186/1743-7075-7-68.
  2. Nakamura, Takahisa, Masato Furuhashi, Ping Li, Haiming Cao, Gurol Tuncman, Nahum Sonenberg, Cem Z. Gorgun, and Gökhan S. Hotamisligil. “Double-Stranded RNA-Dependent Protein Kinase Links Pathogen Sensing with Stress and Metabolic Homeostasis.”Cell 140, no. 3 (February 5, 2010): 338-48. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2010.01.001.
  3. Jason Ladock, “Negative Effects of Overeating,”Health Guidence, http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/12344/1/Negative-Effects-of-Over-Eating.html.
  4. Ipatenco, Sara. “What Are the Dangers of Overeating?” Healthy Eating | SF Gate. Accessed July 9, 2017. http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/dangers-overeating-7068.html.
  5. “Islamic Diet & Manners.” Islamic Bulletin. Accessed July 9, 2017. http://www.islamicbulletin.org/newsletters/issue_16/diet.aspx.

Fasting Beyond Ramadhan

Alhamdulillah we were blessed to finish of the month Ramadhan followed by the Eid celebration. May Allah accept all of our fast and ibada, Ameen. As we move into the month of Shawaal we hope to continue the act of good deeds, one of which may be fasting.

Fasting is not only an act of good deed but also has proven to have countless health benefits. You may question this as some of us finished the month of Ramadhan going up a clothing size. But in this case the issue lies in the kinds of foods we choose to consume when we break our fast. Most often, these foods are rich in sugar and fats which lead weight gain. However, when fasting is done right, there is much more to benefit.

Firstly let’s briefly discuss the religious benefits of fasting. Fasting is a form of spiritual healing. This healing takes place through achieving self control by controlling our desires and urgency to act on anger(1). We also achieve this spiritual healing through means of prayer, dhikar, and increased recitation of the Holy Quran (1).  Fasting allows us to place ourselves in the shoes of those whose fasting does not end by choice, as they go hungry for days. With this experience it opens our eyes and hearts towards giving to those in need.

Now let’s us understand the health benefits achieved from fasting. Fasting has proven to help lower blood sugar levels through reducing insulin resistance(2) . This results in a reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes. Through fasting we are also able to improve our overall heart health by improving our blood pressure and LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol)(3). Oxidative stress has also proven to be reduced by fasting(4). You may be wonder well what is that? Oxidative stress is one of the steps towards aging and developing chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, COPD, etc(4). Our brain also benefits from fasting as it increases the development of new nerve cells which in turn helps improve brain function (5). Last but not least, fasting can assist in weight loss as it reduced the amount of food you eat as well as boosts your metabolic rate (6).

Now that we have a clear understanding of the religious and health benefits of fasting, let us put this knowledge to action. The Sunnah of the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) was to fast Thursdays and Mondays (1). This can also be seen as intermittent fasting in which we fast 2 days a week and five days of non fasting. It is essential that we have nutrient rich foods during the time that is allocated to eat. For example when waking up for suhur before the sun rises, we should be consuming foods that are high in fiber and protein as these foods provide the feeling of satiety (filling sensation)(7). An ideal meal could be;

  • 1-2 cups of oatmeal served with fruits and nuts
  • 1-2 eggs omelette loaded with vegetable such as broccoli, mushrooms, spinach etc served with 1 whole wheat toast
  • 1 whole wheat toast with peanut butter and a glass of milk
  • 1 cup Vegetable chicken soup with 1 whole wheat toast

These are just several examples of some breakfast meals. Be sure to have already 2-3 cups of water prior to suhur ending as this will help keep you hydrated. Stay away from sodium rich foods as well as caffeinated drinks as this dehydrates the body. When time for iftar arises, break the fast with the sunnah of 3 dates and a glass of water (1). Once the Marghib prayer is completed you may then go into your meal. Here are some useful tips;

  • At least half your plate should be filled with vegetables, a quarter of the plate carbohydrates (1 cup), and a quarter protein (3-5 ounces about the size of a deck of cards
  • For the vegetable of choice, avoid over cooking in oils as this will simply increase the fat consumption and kill the valuable nutrients. Stick to baking, steaming, or simply having it raw
  • When choosing a carbohydrate, make sure it is high in fiber for example brown rice, whole wheat bread, whole wheat pasta etc.
  • When choosing a protein be sure to pick proteins that are lean and avoid cooking them in lots of fats.

Lastly we all like to finish of our meals with something sweet. This can consist of either a bowl of fruits or frozen yogurt. Just be sure to practice portion control when reaching for those sweet treats.

By; Raya Haddass

Citation
1. Amina Bint Said, “The Virtues of Fasting on Monday & Thursday!”, Sundus wa Istabarq (blog), December 11,2011, http://sundus-wa-istabraq.blogspot.ca/2011/12/fast-of-monday-thursday.html.
2. Barnosky, Adrienne R., Kristin K. Hoddy, Terry G. Unterman, and Krista A. Varady. “Intermittent fasting vs daily calorie restriction for type 2 diabetes prevention: a review of human findings.” Translational Research 164, no. 4 (October 2014): 302-11. doi:10.1016/j.trsl.2014.05.013.
3. Varady, K. A., S. Bhutani, E. C. Church, and M. C. Klempel. “Short-term modified alternate-day fasting: a novel dietary strategy for weight loss and cardioprotection in obese adults.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 90, no. 5 (September 30, 2009): 1138-143. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.28380.
4. Bont, R. De. “Endogenous DNA damage in humans: a review of quantitative data.” Mutagenesis 19, no. 3 (May 01, 2004): 169-85. doi:10.1093/mutage/geh025.
5. Lee, J., K. B. Seroogy, and M. P. Mattson. “Dietary restriction enhances neurogenesis and up-regulates neurotrophin expression in the hippocampus of adult mice.” Journal of Neurochemistry 81 (January 21, 2002): 57-59. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.81.s1.19_4.x.
6. Johnstone, A. “Fasting for weight loss: an effective strategy or latest dieting trend?” International Journal of Obesity 39, no. 5 (December 26, 2014): 727-33. doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.214.
7. Halton, Thomas L., and Frank B. Hu. “The Effects of High Protein Diets on Thermogenesis, Satiety and Weight Loss: A Critical Review.” Journal of the American College of Nutrition 23, no. 5 (June 15, 2004): 373-85. doi:10.1080/07315724.2004.10719381.